Dental implants are composed of titanium (metal elements), and are like the root of a tooth, and must be placed through jaw surgery (surgically) in the jawbone, just below the gums, allowing the dentist to fit a replacement tooth or a bridge in the area (for those cases where teeth have been lost). These do not tend to come out like dentures. They are usually very beneficial to oral health since they do not require attachment to other teeth as is the case with bridges.
HOW DO DENTAL IMPLANTS WORK?
Dental implants are usually fused to the jawbone to provide permanent and stable support for artificial teeth. Those prostheses and bridges that are placed on these implants will not slide, nor will they move inside the mouth, something that generates a lot of tranquility and a great advantage at the moment that the person chews and speaks, and does not look unpleasant as the teeth can be moved. These implants will help both the bridges and the prostheses that are installed look and feel much more natural and comfortable than when the bridges or prostheses are placed without dental implants.
In general, both prostheses and bridges are quite uncomfortable for people due to several factors, they cause irritation and even nausea. Also, in the case of traditional bridges, they have to be held to the teeth on both sides of the space. For this reason, a great advantage of the best dental implants is that they will not wear out the adjacent teeth while supporting the replacement teeth.
Those who wish to have dental implants must have healthy gums and good bone shape to support the implant. If the person’s bone is too thin or soft and cannot support the implant, he or she can request that a bone graft be placed. The person who proceeds to place the implant must maintain these structures healthy, maintain excellent oral hygiene and visit their dentist frequently because if this is not done to the letter will not succeed in the long-term dental implant.
It must be clear that this type of dental implants are usually more expensive than other types of methods to replace teeth, so many insurances cover very short percentages for this type of procedure.
TYPES OF DENTAL IMPLANTS
There are two types of implants, they are:
- Endosteal implants: this type of implants are surgically installed directly into the jawbone. After the adjacent tissue heals, another surgery is needed to connect a post on top of the original implant. Finally, one or more teeth are placed on the post. The implants can be placed individually or in a bridge (several grouped) or a fixed prosthesis.
- Subperiosteal implants: this type of implant is placed directly under the gum and consists of a type of mount placed in the jawbone. When the gums are healed, the frame is fixed to the jawbone. The posts that are put in the frame stand out from the gums. In the same way, as in the case of endosteal implants, the artificial teeth to be replaced will be placed on these posts.
TIPS FOR KEEPING THE IMPLANTS IN GOOD CONDITIONS
There are several steps to be taken to ensure and help make dental implants more successful and longer-lasting.
- Brush your teeth twice a day and floss every day.
- It is important to stop smoking as this weakens the bone structure and causes the implant to fail.
- You should visit the dentist constantly, at least twice a year to verify that the implant is in excellent condition.
- It is recommended not to chew hard foods, such as hard candies, ice, among others, since they can deteriorate the natural teeth and the crown.